IHNS OpenIR  > 中国古代科技史
守圉增壮
Alternative Title明末西洋筑城术之引进
郑诚
2011-04
Source Publication自然科学史研究
Volume30Issue:2Pages:129-150
Abstract明朝末年,为对抗后金与流寇,徐光启等具有天主教背景的士大夫,在积极引进西洋火砲的同时,大力提倡采用西洋筑城术,建造新型防御工事。本文考察了徐光启、孙元化、韩云韩霖兄弟推动西法筑城的艰难历程;探讨了韩氏兄弟编译西洋筑城法的来源与影响;揭示了马维城建造西洋锐角台始末;最后,对明清时期何以未能成功引进欧洲筑城术,略申己见。 
Other AbstractIn the late Ming Dynasty,Xu Guangqi and other Catholic literati were actively involved with military affairs because of the invasion of Manchu and the threat of roving bandits.They imported cannons and gunners from Macao,and also worked hard to introduce European fortification,mainly the trace Italienne.This paper has six parts.The first 2 parts illustrate how Xu and his student Sun Yuanhua,made their sustained efforts in building bastions.Then,based on the translation "Western Fortress" by Han Yun and Han Lin brothers(both Xu's students),the Italian source and the transition of certain technology are explored.Part 4 focuses on Ma Weicheng,who allegedly directed the building of 32 bastions between 1638 and 1643.Part 5 surveys the spread of the knowledge of European fortification in Qing dynasty.The final part discusses the reasons why the art of trace Italienne ended prematurely in early modern China.
Keyword防御工事 棱堡 徐光启 孙元化 韩霖 马维城
Subject Area技术史
Language中文
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihns.ac.cn/handle/311051/1039
Collection中国古代科技史
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
郑诚. 守圉增壮[J]. 自然科学史研究,2011,30(2):129-150.
APA 郑诚.(2011).守圉增壮.自然科学史研究,30(2),129-150.
MLA 郑诚."守圉增壮".自然科学史研究 30.2(2011):129-150.
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