IHNS OpenIR  > 中国古代科技史
Source Publication中国科技史杂志
Other AbstractThis article studies the role of astronomy in ancient Chinese society and culture from the perspective of the connection between heaven and man. From its very beginning, ancient Chinese astronomy was closely connected with the worship of heaven. Astronomical observation was both activity of heaven worshiping and means of connecting to heaven. In a largely agricultural society, the making of the calendar was the first priority on the ruler's political agenda. The astronomical calendar symbolized the “mandate of Heaven” for the ruler. Changing the calendar signified changing of the mandate of Heaven. Thus calendar reform was an important political and religious issue. Based on knowledge of the calendar, the Chinese had developed the cosmological idea that the ruler must follow the ways of heavens in order to maintain an orderly and harmonious society. Dong Zhongshu from the Han dynasty elaborated the theory of the correlation and interaction between Heaven and man. Ancient Chinese astrology was judicial astrology based on this theory : abnormal astronomical phenomena being considered as omens that were warnings to rulers in their governance of the state. Astrology thus played a very important role in politics and religion in ancient China.
Keyword中国古代天文学 敬天崇拜 历法 政治 占星术 天人合一
Subject Area天文学史 ; 科学与社会
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金(项目编号:10873039)
Document Type期刊论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
孙小淳. 天文学在古代中国社会文化中的作用[J]. 中国科技史杂志,2009,30(1):5-15.
APA 孙小淳.(2009).天文学在古代中国社会文化中的作用.中国科技史杂志,30(1),5-15.
MLA 孙小淳."天文学在古代中国社会文化中的作用".中国科技史杂志 30.1(2009):5-15.
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