在对麦克斯韦去世以来科学家、科学史家和科学哲学家出版和发表的各种传记、专著、论文和纪念文章进行概略性整理的基础上,介绍国外麦克斯韦研究的基本情况和主要研究者,并对目前国际麦克斯韦研究中几个值得关注的论题进行讨论。; James Clerk Maxwell （ 1831 - 1879）, who made groundbreaking contributions to the areas of electromagnetics, thermodynamics and statistical mechanics, optics, engineering mechanics, etc. , was a significant figure in the history of physics. However, he has not received as much atten- tion from historians as others of equal importance in the history of science. A reasonable explanation for this is Maxwell＇s modesty, which often made him inconspicuous. Another reason may be that his works are too mathematical for many historians to understand. In this article, the present situation and main researchers in the field of Maxwell studies are introduced on the basis of a literature review, followed by a discussion of several notable issues in this area.