IHNS OpenIR  > 科学技术史  > 自然环境史
Source Publication科学与社会
Other AbstractIn this paper the author firstly gives an examination on why and how historians of science since G. Sarton struggle to win autonomy of the history of science, discusses disciplinary meta-problems of the history of science, and points out that the traditional concept of autonomy of the history of science is exclusive and must be given up, that there is still a possibility to rebuild the autonomy of the history of science with a new concept of autonomy. Instead of the traditional thesis, the history of science is autonomic because it has its own problems, methods and standards and can solve its problems within its framework. The author then redefines the autonomy of the history of science as follow: the history of science is without borderline. It is open, but it is also autonomic because the problems including the meta-historical ones it faces should (at least might) and can be formed and solved for the sake of history. Lastly, the author considers that historians of science should struggle to be autonomous by reflecting on the meta-problems of their discipline, insisting to develop synthetic historical studies of science, and keeping conversations with philosophers, sociologists and politicians.
Keyword科学史 学科独立 学术自主 封闭自主论题 开放自主论题
Subject Area科学编史学
Document Type期刊论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
袁江洋. 科学史:学科独立与学术自主[J]. 科学与社会,2011(3):41-61.
APA 袁江洋.(2011).科学史:学科独立与学术自主.科学与社会(3),41-61.
MLA 袁江洋."科学史:学科独立与学术自主".科学与社会 .3(2011):41-61.
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