IHNS OpenIR  > 科学技术史  > 科学编史学
1979—2007年中国造纸术发明者争议的回顾
潘吉星
2011-12
Source Publication中国科技史杂志
Volume32Issue:4Pages:561-571
Abstract造纸术是由东汉宦官蔡伦还是西汉工匠发明,是一个有争论的学术问题。1949—1979年两种观点争鸣是正常的学术现象。但自1979年轻工部造纸局行政干预以来,有关中国造纸术发明者的争议已经脱离正常讨论轨道。政府机构利用职权和行政资源推行官方观点,将蔡伦造纸说奉为"历史定论",以"爱国与维护国家尊严"为名,树立学术禁区,打压不同意见,对出土西汉纸作歪曲事实的反检验和反断代,以政令方式对纸史争议作"最后裁决"。潘吉星作为参与这项纸史争议的见证人,揭示了这场争议中的某些真相。 
Other AbstractWho was the inventor of paper, the eunuch Cai Lun (Ts' ai Lun, 63--121 ) of the Eastern Han, or craftsmen of the Western Han. This is an academic problem worthy of discussion. Debate on the issue was conducted in an atmosphere of free discussion during the period 1949- 1979. However, since the Ministry of Light Industries and its Bureau of Papermaking intervened in this academic debate after 1979, it has skewed away from the normal track of academic discussion. The government organization has imposed its official view using its power and administrative resources, and regarded the theory that Cai Lun invented paper as a "final historical conclusion" They have set up an academic forbidden zone in the name of "patriotism and defending the honor of the homeland", and attacked any differing opinions. They distort the facts, producing counter-exam- inations and counter-dating of unearthed ancient paper fragments, in order to support their theory, fi- nally making the "final adjudication on the debate of paper history" in the form of an official order After a veto was put on their requests by the central authorities they still did not restrain themselves. The author, as an eyewitness who has taken part in this debate during the recent 30 years of controversy, reveals some facts about the real situation for consideration by Chinese and foreign readers who are concerned with this matter. Many first-hand materials are provided.
Keyword蔡伦造纸说 西汉造纸说 灞桥纸 出土纸断代
Subject Area印刷史 ; 科学编史学
Language中文
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihns.ac.cn/handle/311051/1807
Collection科学技术史_科学编史学
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
潘吉星. 1979—2007年中国造纸术发明者争议的回顾[J]. 中国科技史杂志,2011,32(4):561-571.
APA 潘吉星.(2011).1979—2007年中国造纸术发明者争议的回顾.中国科技史杂志,32(4),561-571.
MLA 潘吉星."1979—2007年中国造纸术发明者争议的回顾".中国科技史杂志 32.4(2011):561-571.
Files in This Item: Download All
File Name/Size DocType Version Access License
1979_2007年中国造纸术发明者争议(2456KB) 开放获取LicenseView Download
Related Services
Recommend this item
Bookmark
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[潘吉星]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[潘吉星]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[潘吉星]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
File name: 1979_2007年中国造纸术发明者争议的回顾.pdf
Format: Adobe PDF
This file does not support browsing at this time
All comments (0)
No comment.
 

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.