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题名: 试析近代西式钢铁技术向东亚转移的开端
作者: 方一兵
刊名: 中国科技史杂志
出版日期: 2011-12
卷号: 32, 期号:4, 页码:453-471
关键词: 冶金史 ; 技术转移 ; 日本 ; 中国 ; 釜石铁厂 ; 青溪铁厂
学科分类: 科技史::冶金史
其他题名: 日本釜石铁厂与中国青溪铁厂的比较
中文摘要: 日本国营釜石铁厂(1874—1882年)与中国青溪铁厂(1885—1890年)的技术引进是近代西方钢铁技术向中日两国转移的开始。在对两家铁厂的技术引进过程进行详细梳理的基础上,探讨两家铁厂停炉失败的原因、技术引进的不同特征,以及它们对于日中两国钢铁技术近代化进程的不同意义进行比较,为进一步讨论中日两国近代化的差异提供案例。 
英文摘要: Both the Kamaishi Ironworks of Japan and Qingxi Ironworks of China were founded in the second half of the 19th century, and mark the beginning of the transfer of Western iron and steel technology into early modem East Asia. It is worth noting that both the two enterprises chose Britain as the source for their technology, and both failed rather rapidly. In this article, the historical details of the importation of the Western technology into the Kamaishi and Qingxi works are studied and their failures compared. Three different characteristics of the transfer of iron and steel technology at such an early stage of the two country' s development are presented. Firstly, the technological reasons that caused the failure of the two ironworks were different. The Kamaishi furnaces operated well, but were shut down because of a shortage of charcoal. The Qingxi furnaces, however, never operated properly, meaning that the technology transfer there was a total failure. Secondly, the purpose of the construction of the two plants was different. For the Meiji govemment, the construction of the Kamaishi Ironworks was an expression of its strong desire for "civilization building", and the decision-making system for the importation of the technology comprised a network of both Japanese and foreigners. The Qingxi Ironworks, in contrast, was built by the Governor of Guizhou province, who mainly wanted to overcome provincial financial difficulties. The decision-making system throughout the process was comprised solely of Chinese, who lacked the requisite professional knowledge, which meant that inappropriate equipment was selected. Thirdly, the Kamaishi Ironworks was an important link in the chain of the modernization of iron and steel technology in Japan, while the Qingxi Ironworks contributed very little to the whole development process of modem iron and steel technology in China.
语种: 中文
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.ihns.ac.cn/handle/311051/1816
Appears in Collections:科学技术史_中国近现代科技史_期刊论文

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方一兵.试析近代西式钢铁技术向东亚转移的开端.中国科技史杂志,2011,32(4):453-471
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文件名: 试析近代西式钢铁技术向东亚转移的开端_日本釜石铁厂与中国青溪铁厂的比较.pdf
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