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明清之际圭表测影考
王广超
2010-12
Source Publication中国科技史杂志
Volume31Issue:4Pages:447-457
Other Abstract明清之际,西方天文学传入中国,在此影响下,传统圭表测影的理论和方法发生了转变。明末,正是由于其表现出计算准确、理论完备等特点,西方圭表测影理论和算法被较早地译介来华。改历过程中,圭表测影在"定气"注历之正统化过程中起了重要作用。明末,新法派天文学家曾用圭表测算日影论证"定气"注历的合理性。清初中西历争中,南怀仁提出以赌测日影决定胜负,其目的是论证"定气"注历这一人定之法更合于天。; The traditional method of measuring and computing gnomon shadow length was transformed under the influence of the Western astronomy.The Western theory of using the gnomon to measure and calculate the solar shadow was introduced early into China due to its precision and logical completeness.During the course of calendar reform in the late Ming and early Qing,the Western theory of gnomon shadow length measurements played an important role in the official adoption of ting-ch'i(fixed fortnightly period).In the late Ming,Jesuit astronomers used the Western gnomon method to demonstrate the reasonableness of using ting-ch'i to annotate the civil calendar.In the controversy between Jesuit astronomers and Confucian literati,Ferdinand Verbiest proposed to judge whether the new method would accord with nature by calculating the length of the solar shadow corresponding to one gnomon.
Keyword圭表测影 定气注历
Subject Area天文学史
Language中文
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金项目(项目编号:10973022);中国科学院自然科学史研究所古代史研究室课题(项目编号:Y023011008)
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihns.ac.cn/handle/311051/1907
Collection中国古代科技史
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
王广超. 明清之际圭表测影考[J]. 中国科技史杂志,2010,31(4):447-457.
APA 王广超.(2010).明清之际圭表测影考.中国科技史杂志,31(4),447-457.
MLA 王广超."明清之际圭表测影考".中国科技史杂志 31.4(2010):447-457.
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