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题名: 北宋政府对巫医的控制与改造
作者: 韩毅
刊名: 中国科技史杂志
出版日期: 2011-08
卷号: 32, 期号:s1, 页码:106-130
关键词: 北宋 ; 巫医
学科分类: 科技史::医学史
中文摘要: 巫医流行对正统医学知识传播和地方统治秩序带来严重的挑战,引起北宋皇帝、政府和地方官员的高度重视。北宋政府对巫医的活动采取了控制和改造的措施:一是改革落后旧俗,禁“弃去病者之俗”;二是以法律监督,促其改造;三是明令禁止,加以取缔;四是颁布医方,发放药物,推行官方医学知识。政府的重视引起地方官员的积极回应:一是揭露巫医诈钱扰民的行径;二是禁止巫医的非法活动;三是发放药品,推广本草、方书著作,公布治病药方;四是强制巫医改学官方提倡的医学知识或农业技艺。北宋政府对巫医的控制和改造取得一定的成效,但“略无效验而终不悔”的认知体系和治疗实践,决定了巫医仍将在宋代乃至宋以后的社会中长期存在。
英文摘要: The popularity of witch doctors (wu yi) brought serious challenges to the transmission of orthodox medical knowledge and local government order, attracting considerable imperial, central and local government attention. The measures that the Northern Song state took to control and transform the activities of witch doctors involved legal supervision and enforced transformation of their practices, bans by explicit order and the issuing of prescriptions and promotion of official medical knowledge. Local officers actively worked to expose the deluding conduct of the witch doctors, banned their illegal activities, are forced them to learn official medical knowledge and agricultural skills. Though the above measures made some progress, witch doctor's continued to exist for a long time.
语种: 中文
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.ihns.ac.cn/handle/311051/2467
Appears in Collections:科学技术史_中国古代科技史_期刊论文

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韩毅.北宋政府对巫医的控制与改造.中国科技史杂志,2011,32(s1):106-130
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