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题名:
Not so efficient, but still distilled: the technology of Qing Dynasty zinc production at Dafengmen, Chongqing, southwest China
作者: Zhou, Wenli1; Martinon-Torres, Marcos2; Chen, Jianli3; Li, Yanxiang4
刊名: JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE
出版日期: 2014-03-01
卷号: 43, 页码:278-288
关键词: Zinc distillation ; Retort ; Crucible smelting ; Workshop location ; Efficiency
DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2014.01.009
文章类型: Article
英文摘要: The technology of zinc distillation at three large-scale production sites in Chongqing, southwest China, dated to the Ming Dynasty (AD 1368-1644), has recently been reconstructed from the analysis of production remains (Zhou et al. 2012). This paper presents the study by OM and SEM-EDS of zinc production remains from the later site of Dafengmen, in the same region, dated to the Qing Dynasty (AD 1644 1912). The main aims are to add to our characterisation of the Chinese technological tradition of zinc distillation, and to use a comparative approach to explore adaptations to different geological and sociopolitical contexts. The results reveal that at Dafengmen zinc-makers employed a broadly similar technology to those at the Ming sites, based on distillation by ascending in ceramic retorts, but they used lower grade oxidic zinc ores, a lower proportion of reducing agents, and elongated retorts of inferior performance, leading to greater losses of zinc. This is in spite of Dafengmen's ideal location near the necessary raw materials. The reasons for the lower technical efficiency at the later site are explained in terms of different social, political and economic constraints. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
WOS标题词: Science & Technology ; Social Sciences ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine ; Physical Sciences
类目[WOS]: Anthropology ; Archaeology ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
研究领域[WOS]: Anthropology ; Archaeology ; Geology
收录类别: SCI ; SSCI ; AHCI
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000333778600027
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.ihns.ac.cn/handle/311051/6568
Appears in Collections:科学技术史_中国古代科技史_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hist Nat Sci, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
2.UCL, Inst Archaeol, London WC1H 0PY, England
3.Peking Univ, Sch Archaeol & Museol, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
4.Univ Sci & Technol Beijing, Inst Hist Met & Mat, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Zhou, Wenli,Martinon-Torres, Marcos,Chen, Jianli,et al. Not so efficient, but still distilled: the technology of Qing Dynasty zinc production at Dafengmen, Chongqing, southwest China[J]. JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE,2014-03-01,43:278-288.
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