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Not so efficient, but still distilled: the technology of Qing Dynasty zinc production at Dafengmen, Chongqing, southwest China
Zhou, Wenli1; Martinon-Torres, Marcos2; Chen, Jianli3; Li, Yanxiang4
2014-03-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE
Volume43Pages:278-288
SubtypeArticle
AbstractThe technology of zinc distillation at three large-scale production sites in Chongqing, southwest China, dated to the Ming Dynasty (AD 1368-1644), has recently been reconstructed from the analysis of production remains (Zhou et al. 2012). This paper presents the study by OM and SEM-EDS of zinc production remains from the later site of Dafengmen, in the same region, dated to the Qing Dynasty (AD 1644 1912). The main aims are to add to our characterisation of the Chinese technological tradition of zinc distillation, and to use a comparative approach to explore adaptations to different geological and sociopolitical contexts. The results reveal that at Dafengmen zinc-makers employed a broadly similar technology to those at the Ming sites, based on distillation by ascending in ceramic retorts, but they used lower grade oxidic zinc ores, a lower proportion of reducing agents, and elongated retorts of inferior performance, leading to greater losses of zinc. This is in spite of Dafengmen's ideal location near the necessary raw materials. The reasons for the lower technical efficiency at the later site are explained in terms of different social, political and economic constraints. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordZinc Distillation Retort Crucible Smelting Workshop Location Efficiency
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Social Sciences ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine ; Physical Sciences
DOI10.1016/j.jas.2014.01.009
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI ; AHCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaAnthropology ; Archaeology ; Geology
WOS SubjectAnthropology ; Archaeology ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000333778600027
Citation statistics
Cited Times:3[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihns.ac.cn/handle/311051/6568
Collection中国古代科技史
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hist Nat Sci, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
2.UCL, Inst Archaeol, London WC1H 0PY, England
3.Peking Univ, Sch Archaeol & Museol, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
4.Univ Sci & Technol Beijing, Inst Hist Met & Mat, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhou, Wenli,Martinon-Torres, Marcos,Chen, Jianli,et al. Not so efficient, but still distilled: the technology of Qing Dynasty zinc production at Dafengmen, Chongqing, southwest China[J]. JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE,2014,43:278-288.
APA Zhou, Wenli,Martinon-Torres, Marcos,Chen, Jianli,&Li, Yanxiang.(2014).Not so efficient, but still distilled: the technology of Qing Dynasty zinc production at Dafengmen, Chongqing, southwest China.JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE,43,278-288.
MLA Zhou, Wenli,et al."Not so efficient, but still distilled: the technology of Qing Dynasty zinc production at Dafengmen, Chongqing, southwest China".JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE 43(2014):278-288.
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